From antiquity Collioure was an important trading port on the Mediterranean thanks to its geographical position and allowed the exchange of products and rare commodities. (Phoenicians, Greeks, Etruscans, Romans). The first mention of the castle (castrum) dates from 673 by the occupation of King Wamba (king of the Visigoths) who occupy the city. From 981, the Counts of Roussillon begin to develop and fortify. From the 12th to the 17th century, the village will be alternately annexed to the kingdoms of Aragon, Mallorca and France. The period from 1276 to 1344 is part of a period when trade is flourishing, the kings of Majorca settle in summer residence at the Royal Castle. In the 13th century there are several religious orders. Templars, Hospitallers, Dominicans and maybe Cistercians.